Coeliac Disease

During your Long Term Condition Appointment you should expect the (Healthcare Assistant) HCA to take your blood pressure and take a blood test.

The HCA may also you about your alcohol intake, your smoking history, record a height and weight, manually check your pulse, ask you about your memory and social support and ask you about your compliance with your medications

Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where the small intestine becomes inflamed and unable to absorb nutrients.

It can cause a range of symptoms including diarrhoea, abdominal pain and bloating.

Coeliac disease is caused by an adverse reaction to gluten, a dietary protein found in three types of cereal:

  • wheat
  • barley
  • rye

Gluten is found in any food that contains the above cereals, including:

  • pasta
  • cakes
  • breakfast cereals
  • most types of bread
  • certain types of sauces
  • some types of ready meals

In addition, most beers are made from barley.

Symptoms of Coeliac Disease

Eating foods containing gluten can trigger a range of gut-related symptoms, such as:

  • diarrhoea, which may smell particularly unpleasant
  • abdominal pain
  • bloating and flatulence (passing wind)
  • indigestion
  • constipation

Coeliac disease can also cause a number of more general symptoms, including:

  • fatigue as a result of malnutrition (not getting enough nutrients from food)
  • unexpected weight loss
  • an itchy rash (dermatitis herpetiformis)
  • problems getting pregnant
  • nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy)
  • disorders that affect co-ordination, balance and speech (ataxia)

Children with coeliac disease may not grow at the expected rate and may have delayed puberty.

Find out more about Coeliac Disease by visiting the websites below: